It is necessary to depict the meaning and value of the development target. It is valuable to analyze first WHY the development target is important – before any further actions are to be taken.. The motivation view diagram makes visible the reason(s) of the development target: what is the customer and/or business value add of this development target we are going to develop.
The WHY Question?
There are specific questions to be asked for every development target case:
1. WHY this is important? Why this is needed?
2. WHAT this means? What are the parts of this that are necessary to understand as a whole? What is the context? What are the interactions between actors, processes and applications?
3. HOW this can be done?
The first and the most important question WHY can be analyzed with the motivation diagram discussed here. The question WHAT can be analyzed with other diagram types such as Context Diagram/Layered View and Information Flow diagrams. The question HOW is related to more detailed design.
Motivation View Diagram – For Analyzing the WHY
A motivation view diagram represents the meaning and value of a development target. Motivation analysis (or Stakeholder Analysis) can be done to any development target such as new service, digitalization plan, business domain area, business transformation, procurement, project etc.
Questions to be answered in more detailed, which can be modeled by utilizing the motivation diagram and ArchiMate elements:
– What are the drivers (for this change)? From where these drivers come from?
– What are the goals? What are we trying to achieve? Why do we need this?
– What are the outcomes (that can be measured)?
– What are the principles and constraints related to this?
– What exactly needs to do (development requirements)?
This can be done with ArchiMate Motivation elements as shown in the figure below. ArchiMate provides the elements with which a business case can be modeled and formulated into one diagram.
Motivation View Examples
Some examples shown in the figures below. A value can be associated with Application Service (named “Resource mgmt”) in the figure below.
ArchiMate Motivation Elements
ArchiMate concpets that can be used with Business Case -diagrams are introduced in the figure below.
A Motivation View diagram is one of the most valuable diagrams that can be related to a development target. There are closely related variations of the Motivation View, such as Stakeholder View, Goal Realization View and Requirements Realization View – as introduced in ArchiMate spec (link). The other important diagram types are: layered view and integration view.